Our Very Own Book Club.

Journal Club in the Park

Every month, the residency program reviews two literature articles pertinent to the field of emergency medicine. The sessions are educational yet also relaxing and enjoyable. Often, they are held in the home of one of our attendings.  They offer the opportunity to review important articles, while dissecting aspects of the study. What make studies clinically significant? How is the data organized and statistically calculated? In addition, each summer as a part of journal club, the residency chooses a book to discuss. Below are just a few of the recent articles/books discussed at journal club:

Two days of dexamethasone versus 5 days of prednisone in the treatment of acute asthma: a randomized controlled trial. Kravitz J, Dominici P, Ufberg J, Fisher J, Giraldo P. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Aug;58(2):200-4

Ramsook et al. A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Oral Ondansetron With Placebo in Children with Vomiting from Acute Gastroenteritis. Ann Emerg Med 2002;39:4

Journal Club in the Park

A randomized, controlled trial comparing long-term cosmetic outcomes of traumatic pediatric lacerations repaired with absorbable plain gut versus nonabsorbable nylon sutures. Karounis H, Gouin S, Eisman H, Chalut D, Pelletier H, Williams B. Acad Emerg Med. 2004 Jul;11(7):730-5.

RISC Group. Risk of myocardial infarction and death during treatment with low dose aspirin and intravenous heparin in men with unstable coronary artery disease. Lancet 1990;336:827

FRISC Study Group. Low-molecular-weight-heparin during instability of coronary artery disease. Lancet 1996;347:561.

Magee K. Heparin versus placebo for acute coronary syndromes.  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009.

Erikkson et al. Randomized controlled trial of appendicectomy versus antibiotic therapy for acute appendicitis. Br J Surg 1995;82:166.

Styrud et al. Appendectomy versus antibiotic treatment in acute appendicitis: a prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial. World J Surg 2006;30:1033.

Hansson et al. Randomized clinical trial of antibiotic therapy vs appendicectomy as primary treatment of acute appendicitis in unselected patients. Br J Surg 2009;96:473.

Sullivan et al. Early treatment with prednisolone or acyclovir in Bell’s Palsy. N Engl J Med 2007;357:1598.

Prednisolone and valaciclovir Bell’s palsy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled mulicentre trial. Lancet 2008;7:993.

Salinas et al. Corticosteroids for Bell’s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010.

Friedman et al.  A trial of metoclopramide versus sumatriptan for the ED treatment of migraines.  Neurology 2005;64:463

Colman et al. Parenteral metoclopramide for acute migraine: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.  BMJ 2004;329:1369

Friedman et al. Randomized trial of IV dexamethasone for acute migraine in the ED. Neurology 2007;69:2038

Colman et al.  Parenteral dexamethasone for acute severe migraine headache: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials for preventing recurrence.  BMJ 2008;336:1359.

Craig et al. The accuracy of clinical symptoms and signs for the diagnosis of serious bacterial infection in young febrile children: prospective cohort study of 15,781 febrile illnesses. BMJ 2010;340:1594.

Pantell et al. Management and outcomes of care of fever in early infancy. JAMA 2004;291:1203.

Huppler et al. Performance low-risk criteria in the evaluation of young infants with fever: review of the literature. Pediatrics 2010;125:228.

Hlibczuk et al.  Diagnostic Accuracy of Noncontrast Computed Tomography for Appendicitis in Adults:  A Systematic Review.  Ann Emerg Med 2010; 55:51.

Tamburrini et al.  Acute appendicitis:  diagnostic value of nonenhanced CT with selective use of contrast in routine clinical settings.  Eur Radiol 2007; 17:2055.

Christopher et al.  Unenhanced Helical CT Scanning of the Abdomen and Pelvis Changes Disposition of Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department with Possible Acute Appendicitis.  J Emer Med 2002; 23:1.

Johnson J and Kline JA. Intraobserver and interobserver agreement of the interpretation of pediatric chest radiographs. Emerg Radiol 2010;17:285.

Campbell et al. Agreement between EP diagnosis and radiologist reports in patients discharged from an emergency department with community-acquired pneumonia. Emerg Radiol 2005;11:242.

Mayhue et al. Accuracy of interpretations of emergency department radiographs: effect of confidence levels. Ann Emerg Med 1989;18:826.

Quinn et al. Derivation of the San Francisco syncope rule to predict short-term serious outcomes. Ann Emerg Med 2004;43:224

Birnbaum et al. Failure to validate the San Francisco syncope rule in an independent ED population. Ann Emerg Med 2008;52:151

Serrano et al. Accuracy and quality of clinical decision rules for syncope in the ED: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Emerg Med 2010;56:36